What are they and why do they matter?
- Gender/gender identity
- Migrant and refugee experiences
- Discrimination/social exclusion/social inclusion
- Health literacy
- Occupation/working conditions
- Income/income security
- Employment/job security
- Early life experiences (child development)
- Nutrition/food security
- Housing/housing security
- Natural and built environments
- Social safety net / social protection
- Access to health services
These social determinants of health are not equally distributed in our society. Differences in access to the social determinants of health
- In Toronto, men in the lowest income group are 50% more likely to die before the age of 75 than men in the highest income group. Women in the lowest income group are 85% more likely to have diabetes than women in the highest income group (Toronto Public Health, 2015).
- The cost of feeding a family of four has increased in both First Nations and non-First Nations communities, but it costs 73% more to feed a family of four in a remote First Nations community (2017 Nutritious Food Basket Survey).